The CRAFT Approach

addiction, recovery

The CRAFT Approach or Community Reinforcement and Family Training approach is a unique, exciting research supported set of tools and strategies that help families address substance use problems. The approach is collaborative, practical, respectful, and helps the substance user AND the family.

CRAFT teaches new skills in self-management that can shift relationship dynamics and motivate positive change by using positivity, optimism, and compassion.

CRAFT was developed by Robert J. Meyers, Ph.D, author of Get Your Loved One Sober: Alternatives to Nagging, Pleading, and Threatening. 



In a CRAFT Alcohol Study conducted by Miller, Meyers, & Tonigan in 1999, 130 family members were randomly assigned to Al-Anon, Johnson Institute Therapy or the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT)

The outcomes of the study are as follows:

  • 64.4% of the family members in the CRAFT group were able to succeed in motivating their loved one to enter treatment.
  • 22.5% of those in the Intervention group were able to motivate their loved one to enter treatment.
  • 13.6% of those in the Al-Anon group were able to motivate their loved ones to enter treatment.

Jeffrey Foote, PhD, Carrie Wilkins, PhD and Nicole Kosanke, PhD from the Center for Motivation and Change (CMC) explain the CRAFT approach in their powerful new book, Beyond Addiction How Science and Kindness Help People Change. 


The Parent’s 20 Minute Guide is a workbook that can help parents work through the CRAFT strategies. A partner version is also available.


 You can also read the 20 Minute Guide for Parents and Partners online here.



Read articles about the CRAFT approach from around the web:

 Read articles about CRAFT from the blog: